Dr. David Shapiro has over 30 years of clinical development experience in the pharmaceutical industry. He has served as the Chief Medical Officer of Intercept Pharmaceuticals, Inc. since November 2017, having previously served as its Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President, Research & Development since 2008. Dr. Shapiro founded a consulting company, Integrated Quality Resources, that focused on development stage biopharmaceutical companies and was active in this role from 2005 to 2008. From 2000 to 2005, Dr. Shapiro was Executive Vice President, Medical Affairs and Chief Medical Officer of Idun Pharmaceuticals, Inc., prior to its acquisition by Pfizer Inc. From 1995 to 1998, he was President of the Scripps Medical Research Center at Scripps Clinic. He served as Vice President, Clinical Research at Gensia and as Director and Group Leader, Hypertension Clinical Research at Merck Research Laboratories from 1985 to 1990.